Nearly one French in four changed jobs between 2010 and 2015. The phenomenon first affects the Ile-de-France.

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Professional retraining is not uncommon in France. Between 2010 and 2015, 22% of employed people between 20 and 50 years old changed jobs. A phenomenon that concerns more early career, women and the Paris region, according to a study of the Ministry of Labor published Tuesday.

“People aged 20 to 29 in 2010 changed jobs twice as often between 2010 and 2015 as those aged 40 to 50,” says Dares , the ministry’s statistics department. Its study is based on INSEE’s Training and Qualification survey, which examined changes in occupations and professional fields among 13,900 people aged between 20 and 50 years old.

Women and singles more concerned

On this sample, some people went further by changing their professional field (16%). Another lesson is that women “have a probability of changing occupations up to 6 points higher than men”, which can be explained by underemployment, which could encourage them to change jobs to work more, or by the desire to better reconcile work and family life.

Singles change jobs more than couples, and immigrants from a non-European country more than non-immigrants, also indicates Dares. Occupational mobility also varies according to the territories, with a probability of moving to a stronger job in the Paris region, where there is a high density of jobs and a great diversity of occupations, than in the rest of metropolitan France.

Unsurprisingly, the job change is more frequent for the most precarious contracts (temporary, fixed-term contracts). Public servants change jobs four times less than employees who do not have a permanent contract, says Dares.

Strong mobility in the bank-insurance

The comparison by professional field shows that electricity-electronics, craftsmanship and commerce are experiencing the strongest professional mobility, while changes in occupations are rarer in agriculture, the health sector and industry. social action, or education and training.

Thus, 31% of people who worked in electricity or electronics in 2010 changed their domain in 2015, for example to join maintenance (10%) or construction (6%). In trades subject to competition or whose access is limited (teachers, civil servants, police officers, doctors, lawyers, etc.), mobility is significantly lower.